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Project of Industrial Development of the Northern Region of the Russian Federation for the Period till 2020: Economic Efficiency

Arif Pirvelievich Shikverdiev*

Syktyvkar State University named after P. Sorokin, Republic of Komi, 167000, Syktyvkar, Oktyabrsky Avenue, 55, Russian Federation

Natalya Alekseevna Mikhalchenkova

Syktyvkar State University named after P. Sorokin, Republic of Komi, 167000, Syktyvkar, Oktyabrsky Avenue, 55, Russian Federation

Egor Ivanovich Eremeyev

Syktyvkar State University named after P. Sorokin, Republic of Komi, 167000, Syktyvkar, Oktyabrsky Avenue, 55, Russian Federation

*Corresponding Author:
Arif Pirvelievich Shihverdiev
Syktyvkar State University named after P. Sorokin
Republic of Komi, 167000, Syktyvkar
Oktyabrsky Avenue, 55, Russian Federation
Tel: +7(8212)322629
Email:
shikverdiev@yandex.ru

 

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Abstract

In article author considers estimates of economic efficiency of industrial and raw agglomerations development projects in the Komi Republic according to Strategy of economic and social development of the Komi Republic for the period till 2020. The research objective is an attempt to offer approach according to economic efficiency of projects implementation on development of industrial and raw agglomerations on the example of a region of the North. Realization of the purpose was reached via the solution of the following tasks: 1) To offer approach to an assessment of economic efficiency of implementation of projects on development of industrial and raw agglomerations on the example of a region of the North. 2) To define features of a technique to assess economic efficiency of industrial and raw agglomerations.

Keywords

Industrial and Raw Agglomeration; Region; Development; Territorial Economy; Efficiency Assessment

Introduction

When studying the existing scientific sources insufficiency of knowledge to assess of the budgetary efficiency of implementation of industrial projects of development of the North is found. Thus, research of regularities and features of an assessment of the budgetary efficiency of implementation of projects of development of the industrial and raw agglomerations within the subject of Federation [1].

Considerable experience in area of researches of methodical tools of an assessment of the budgetary efficiency of implementation of industrial projects of development of the North is in works of prominent domestic scientists: Granberg, Animitsa, Ratner, Nekrasov. In northern regions, works by such scientists as Kolosovsky are devoted to research of ways to assess of development of industrial agglomerations; Bandman, Burmatova, Larina; Ionova, Malov; Tsykunov, Dolgolyuk; Yaroshchuk; Suspitsyn; Polyakova; Uskova; Gorshenina; Kashchuk; Kharitonova; Fedorovich, Fedorovich; Novichikhin, Fryanov; Sidorenko [2].

The solution of the problem of research will add scientific knowledge of an assessment of the budgetary efficiency of implementation of industrial projects of development of the North [3,4].

The object of research is a northern region as organizational and economic space of formation and development of industrial and raw agglomerations.

The subject of the study is the organizational and economic relations developing in the course of formation and development of industrial and raw agglomerations in northern regions.

Main methods of research: the system analysis, a method of comparison and analogies, a method of generalizations, approach within practice and implementation of administrative decisions.

Importance of results of the conducted research is that the assessment of the budgetary efficiency of implementation of industrial projects of development of industrial and raw agglomerations on the example of the Komi Republic.

Method

In the research, the assessment of the budgetary efficiency on the basis of the actual parameters of tax revenues and payments in the budget of the region (Table 1) from the republican budget of the Komi Republic for support of the key innovative projects relating to three analyzed agglomerations in the period of t on the basis of the public-private partnership is carried out. The period of 2008-2013.

Analysis period Mining agglomeration Oil and gas agglomeration Forest industry agglomeration
2008 6,220 32,530 5,260
2009 7400 23600 700
2010 7750 25910 0
2011 7950 29650 340
2012 9240 29700 3110
2013 9150 32930 4380

Table 1: Tax revenues and payments of the industrial and raw agglomeration in the budget of the Komi Republic for the analyzed period, million rubles [1]

The well-known method of calculation of commercial effectiveness (it is suitable only for an assessment of the specific investment projects planned to realization in agglomerations of the northern region, but an assessment of the budgetary efficiency, as the main source of social development of the region is possible) isn't suitable for an assessment of productivity of agglomeration, the author recommended the assessment of the overall agglomerative effectiveness of agglomeration.

It is supposed that on support of key projects of development of the industrial and raw agglomerations in the Komi Republic with public-private partnership the state can bring 50% of the sum of investments planned on projects [5]. The sum of investments (Table 2) is determined by characteristics of the projects, key for social and economic development of the region presented to the Ministry of Economic Development of RK and grouped by the author in three agglomerations analyzed. Thus the planned terms of implementation of projects proceeding from which the sum of annual investments on the project (Table 3) is calculated are considered in Tables 4 and 5.

Name of the project Mining agglomeration Oil and gas agglomeration Forest industry agglomeration
"The project of test operation of the Bayandysky oil field (arrangement of the Bayandysky oil field on full development)" - 9915,9 -
"Development of the Kyrtayelsky oil field" - 21 555,5 -
"Development of the Yaregsky oil field" - 371,4 -
"Development of a mine field No. 3 of the Usinsk coal field" 5055,6 - -
"Construction of a luminous complex in the Komi Republic" 30795,0 - -
"Development of a Permian-carbon deposit of the Usinsk field" 864,3 - -
"Working off of 5 panels of layer 11 of mine Intinskaya" 247,6 - -
"the 650 thousand tons per year Yaregsky mining and chemical complex on production and processing of ore" - 4980,8 -
"The project of development of the Pizhemsky field of the titan in the Komi Republic and creations on its base of the vertically integrated chemical and metallurgical complex" 9925 - -
"Reconstruction of mine on working off of the central part of the Desired field of quartz ore 27,53 - -
"Development of the Yaregsky field on oil production (Lyayelskaya Square of OPU-5)" - 1902,4 -
"A pit and the enterprise for production of crushed stone on the Tablikayusky field of a construction stone" 9090,9 - -
"Development of the Usinsk field No. 1" 5666,7 - -
"Creation of wood-processing production on deep processing of wood of JSC Azimut - - 1116,0
"Comprehensive strategic program of expansion of production of JSC Syktyvkar Tissy Group - - 3513,6
Total 61,672.5 38,726.0 4,629.6
In terms of a PPP basis (on 50% for 6 years) 5,139.4 3,227.2 285.7

Table 2: Need for investments on key investment projects (according to the Ministry of economic development of RK), million rubles [3]

Period t, year Mining agglomeration Oil and gas agglomeration Forest industry agglomeration
1 5139,4 3227,2 285,7
2 5139,4 3227,2 285,7
3 5139,4 3227,2 285,7
4 5139,4 3227,2 285,7
5 5139,4 3227,2 285,7
6 5139,4 3227,2 285,7

Table 3: The funds planned from the republican budget of the Komi Republic for support of the industrial and raw agglomeration key projects in the period of t annually on the basis of public-private partnership, million rubles

Period t, year Mining agglomeration Oil and gas agglomeration Forest industry agglomeration
1 1079,7 29278,7 4970,2
2 2256,9 20339,3 413,6
3 2604,2 22626,8 -285,0
4 2801,4 26335,8 54,1
5 4083,7 26363,9 2812,6
6 3990,8 29556,2 4074,1
Sum 16816,7 154500,7 12039,5

Table 4: The discounted inflows of tax revenues and payments to the budget of the region, one million

Period t, year Mining agglomeration Oil and gas agglomeration Forest industry agglomeration
1 4747,7 2981,2 264,0
2 4385,9 2754,0 243,8
3 4051,6 2544,1 225,3
4 3742,8 2350,2 208,1
5 3457,6 2171,1 192,2
6 3194,1 2005,6 177,6
Sum 23579,6 14806,3 1311,0

Table 5: The discounted outflows of tax revenues and of the region budget payments, million rubles

Results

The directions for improvement of the organizational and economic mechanism offered by results of research via coordination of actions, coordination of interests of the parties interested in exploitation of natural resources of the North on the basis of at implementation of the key projects are approved in calculations of the budgetary efficiency at the scheme of participation of the state and business, results of calculations of the budgetary efficiency are given below (Table 6).

К budgetary efficiency Mining agglomeration Oil and gas agglomeration Forest industry agglomeration
  -0,3 9,4 8,2

Table 6: Indicator of the budgetary efficiency (K budgetary efficiency) agglomerations

The carried-out assessment of the offered directions of improvement of the organizational and economic mechanism in the direction of development and increase of depth of processing of natural resources of the North on the basis of implementation of the key projects shows in the predicted period (by 2020) rather high level of the budgetary efficiency on oil and gas (E budgetary efficiency Oil and gas agglomeration > 1,0); (E budgetary efficiency Forest industry agglomeration > 1,0) (Table 6).

Dynamics of an indicator of the overall agglomerative effectiveness (Table 7) as measures of return of agglomeration for the received from 1 ruble of investments (in development of the industry; in ensuring rational environmental management; in growth of a standard of living and human development; in ensuring effective management of finance) quite corresponded to the macroeconomic changes happening in the country during the analyzed period [6-12] (Tables 8 and 9).

Period t, year Indicator of efficiency of agglomerative processes (Ea)
2008 1,94
2009 1,60
2010 1,40
2011 1,92
2012 1,38
2013 1,46

Table 7: Analysis of an indicator of the overall agglomerative effectiveness [3]

Name of indicators 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
The volume of the shipped goods of own production, the performed works and services as own forces by types of economic activity, one billion rubles:
mineral extraction 5272 5091 6218 8020 8950 9748
processing production 16864 14352 18881 22813 25111 27133
Ratio of volumes of the processing production to volumes extracting, one billion rubles/billion rubles. 3,20 2,82 3,04 2,84 2,81 2,78
Number of the operating organizations (on the end of the year), one thousand units:
mining 9,136 9,804 10,116 10,539 11,584 12,023
processing production 221,48 235,756 226,491 237,443 256,7 260,216
Area of the territory, sq.km. 17075,2 17075,2 17075,2 17075,2 17075,2 17075,2
The specific volume of the shipped goods of own production, the performed works and services by types of economic activity, billion rubles/sq.km:
mining 0,309 0,298 0,364 0,470 0,524 0,571
processing production 0,988 0,841 1,106 1,336 1,471 1,589

Table 8: The analysis of compliance of volumes of the processing productions and the extracting productions across the Russian Federation in general [13,14]

Name of indicators 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
The volume of the shipped goods of own production, the performed works and services as own forces by types of economic activity, one billion rubles:
mineral extraction 125,954 127,254 166,406 204,529 237,306 248,968
processing production 88,213 87,279 100,923 135,497 147,305 158,458
Ratio of volumes of the processing productions to volumes extracting, one billion rub/billion rubles. 0,70 0,69 0,61 0,66 0,62 0,64
Number of the operating organizations (on the end of the year), one thousand units:
mining 168 219 225 231 240 245
processing production 1122 1268 1340 1317 1403 1448
Area of the territory, sq.km. 416,8 416,8 416,8 416,8 416,8 416,8
The specific volume of the shipped goods of own production, the performed works and services as own forces by types of economic activity, billion rubles/sq.km:
mining 0,302 0,305 0,399 0,491 0,569 0,597
processing production 0,212 0,209 0,242 0,325 0,353 0,380

Table 9: The analysis of compliance of volumes of the processing productions and the extracting productions across the Komi Republic [1]

Discussion

The lag effect of return of economic system on the investments (expenses) made is shown in decrease in value of an indicator of the overall agglomerative effectiveness with a temporary log: Ea decreases during the crisis period of 2008 for one-two years (in 2009-2010). The greatest efficiency is noted in the first year of the analyzed period, as result of the previous period [4].

Development of the extracting industries in the given assessment on specific volumes of the shipped goods and billion rubles on sq.km of the territory have a similar trend across the Russian Federation and RK (Table 10 and Figure 1).

Specific volumes of the extracting productions in billion rubles on sq.km of the territory 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Russian Federation 0,309 0,298 0,364 0,470 0,524 0,571
Komi Republic 0,302 0,305 0,399 0,491 0,569 0,597

Table 10: The comparative analysis of specific volumes of the shipped goods by the form of economic activity - the extracting productions, billion rubles/sq.km of the territory of the Russian Federation and RK [15]

icommercecentral-volume-shipped-goods

Figure 1: The specific volume of the shipped goods by the form economic activity - mining, territory billion rubles/sq.km.[16].

However, the ratio of volumes of the processing to volumes of mining (one billion rubles/one billion rubles) almost by 5 times across the territory of the Russian Federation exceeds a similar indicator in RK (Table 11 and Figure 2). Thus, in the organizational and economic mechanism is shown in decrease in a contribution of the processing productions: if in the Russian Federation indicators of the processing productions exceed extracting by 3 times, in the northern region the specific indicator of the processing productions to the extracting makes about 0,6 (Table 12 and Figure 3).

Specific volumes of the processing productions of billion rubles on territory sq.km 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Russian Federation 0,988 0,841 1,106 1,336 1,471 1,589
Komi Republic 0,212 0,209 0,242 0,325 0,353 0,380

Table 11: The comparative analysis of specific volumes of the shipped goods by the form economic activity - the processing productions, billion rubles/sq.km of the territory of the Russian Federation and RK [17]

icommercecentral-economic-activity

Figure 2: The specific volume of the shipped goods by the form economic activity - the processing productions, territory billion rubles/sq.km. [18].

Ratio of volumes of the processing productions to volumes of the extracting 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Russian Federation 3,20 2,82 3,04 2,84 2,81 2,78
Komi Republic 0,70 0,69 0,61 0,66 0,62 0,64

Table 12: Ratio of volumes of the processing productions to volumes extracting, one billion rub/billion rubles [19]

icommercecentral-ratio-volumes

Figure 3: A ratio of volumes of the processing productions to volumes extracting, one billion rub/billion rubles [20].

Conclusion

The author's technique in the northern region on the example of the Komi Republic the following results are received and generalized:

1. The special methodical approaches of an assessment of productivity and efficiency of industrial and raw agglomerations of the northern region are developed.

2. Indicators of an integrated dynamic assessment of productivity of industrial and raw agglomerations of the northern region which allow procedure of an assessment of the offered organizational and economic mechanism of development of the industrial and raw agglomerations are entered.

3. The contribution to social and economic development of the northern region of each of the agglomeration accepted to research is ranged (mining, oil and gas, forest industry), and also the assessment of the budgetary efficiency of the predicted key investment projects of the Komi Republic and their importance for the region is carried out.

4. The assessment of a ratio of development of the extracting and processing productions of territory, as most important factor of the budgetary efficiency of the organizational and economic mechanism of development of the industrial and raw agglomerations is executed.

5. The directions of productive use of capacity of the territory and reduction of influence of negative factors of northern specifics on social and economic development of northern regions are offered.

6. The directions of improvement of the industrial and raw agglomerations organizational and economic mechanism on the basis of coordination and coordination of interests of the state and the business interested in exploitation of natural resources of the North on the basis of public-private partnership at implementation of the industrial and raw agglomerations key projects are developed.

The main advantages of the offered technique of an assessment of agglomerations in social and economic development of the region are:

1) convenience of comparison of the actual contribution of industrial and raw agglomerations to the general result of the region, and also potential of development of the industrial and raw agglomerations;

2) orientation to features of northern regions;

3) existence of objective base of an assessment – a reasonable set of the characteristics of regional social and economic system containing in data of the State statistics of the region.

For improvement of ways of an assessment of the budgetary efficiency of implementation of projects of development of industrial and raw agglomeration in northern regions it is necessary to offer mechanisms of the processing productions. Reduction of these rates in compliance with the extracting capacities will allow to reduce influence of negative factors of northern specifics on social and economic development of northern regions (in particular, the raised transportation costs) and, thus, to use the capacity of the territory most productively (will increase depth of processing and additional cost) that will increase productivity and efficiency of the industrial and raw agglomerations.

References

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